Performed by Shen Yun ArtistsDavin Ma, ViolinChia-Chi Lin, ConductorShen Yun Symphony OrchestraScottish Fantasy, Op. 46The German Max Bruch was not the first composer to be inspired by the melancholic beauty of Scotland—Beethoven and Haydn had arranged Scottish folk songs and Felix Mendelssohn had also been inspired to write his Hebrides Overture as well as his Third “Scottish” Symphony.Although a pianist, Bruch is most famous for his works for solo string instrument and orchestra, like this piece or his First Concerto for Violin and Kol Nidre for cello and orchestra.Bruch composed the work during 1879-1880 with input from violinist Joseph Joachim. It was Joachim who also premiered the composition in February 1881, with Bruch serving as conductor. Despite Joachim’s involvement, the piece is dedicated to another famous violinist, Pablo de Sarasate, who later also played it with Bruch conducting.Each movement of Fantasy is based on a different Scottish folk song. The piece begins with a somber introduction, based on the song “Through the Wood Laddie.” Bruch claimed this introduction should bring to mind “an old bard who contemplates a ruined castle and laments the glorious times of old.” The harp in this slow introduction recalls the “old bard,” the traditional storyteller and musician in Celtic cultures.The introduction then leads to the beginning of the first movement. It is based on the folk melody “Auld Rob Morris,” and is played by violin and harp.The second movement is a scherzo based on the tune “The Dusty Miller.” Just before the solo entrance of the violin, listeners are brought to Scotland through Bruch’s imitation of bagpipes, while the violin plays the jaunty folk melody.Bruch moves into the third movement, a set of variations based on the folk melody “I’m A’ Doun for Lack o’ Johnnie.” The tempo of the last movement is marked Allegro guerriero, or “warlike allegro.” It is appropriate since this last movement features the tune “Hey Tuttie Tattie,” purportedly played by Robert the Bruce before his triumph at the 1314 Battle of Bannockburn, which helped establish Scottish independence.The rousing character of the final movement is interrupted when the opening folk song returns, leading to the final cadenza. Bruch ends the work with a final statement of “Hey Tuttie Tattie,” a fitting tribute to the resiliency of the Scottish spirit.